Travelling in Africa.
Africa has 53 sovereign countries—the most on any continent—and is the second largest continent in terms of both land area and population. Africa is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, by the Red Sea to the northeast, and by the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Despite the tendency by Westerners to refer to "Africa" as if it's a country, Africa is a vast continent spanning over 5,000 miles north-south and 4,800 miles east-west (not including islands) and contains a wide aura of peoples, skin colors, religions, and cultures. Africa contains the world's longest river—the 6650km-long Nile River running from Burundi to Egypt—while the Congo River in the DRC is the second largest in terms of discharge as well as the deepest with a depth of over 230m (750ft) in some spots. Kenya's Mount Kilimanjaro is the world's tallest free-standing mountain at 5890m (19,340ft).Djibouti's Lake Assal is the second lowest point on Earth, the saltiest lake outside Antarctica, and one of the hottest places on Earth. While the first activity most people associate with Africa is safaris, there are endless possibilities for adventure. You can purchase crafts in markets, venture into the Sahara with a Tuareg caravan, visit pygmy villages, hike through jungle to watch gorillas, relax on tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, snack on monkey or python "bushmeat", travel down a river in a dugout "pirogue", travel across savanna on a colonial-era railway, and much more.
Tragically misunderstood by most people in the West as a land of poverty and corruption, war and famine, and simply as a land of suffering—a misconception only bolstered by the media and the numerous NGOs on the continent—Africa today is a vast continent with many bustling metropolises, friendly people, and amazingly diverse and beautiful landscapes. While there are plenty of places resembling the stereotypical Africa of war, famine, and poverty, much of the continent is peaceful, well-fed, and of working class. Why don't you come explore this wonderfully diverse continent?
North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara)
The countries that rim the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
Sahel (Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan)
The desert and savanna nations that span the Sahel and southern half of the Sahara Desert.
West Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo)
The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
Central Africa (Angola, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe)
The heart of Africa.
East Africa (Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda , Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda)
The nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
* Accra — the capital of Ghana and one of the most accessible cities in West Africa for travelers
* Addis Ababa — the huge capital of Ethiopia and a major hub for NGOs and the African Union
* Cairo — the largest city in Africa with major monuments of Ancient Egypt nearby
* Cape Town — the iconic Mother City of South Africa with Table Mountain, the Cape of Good Hope and numerous other attractions
* Dakar — the capital of Senegal and the westernmost city in Africa
* Johannesburg — South Africa's largest city and perhaps the continent's key financial and econominic centre
* Luanda — the capital of Angola which has been through a huge renaissance in past decade
* Marrakech — a blend of the ancient and modern in Morocco
* Nairobi — the capital of Kenya and the largest city in East Africa
Nations at Africa's southern tip.
* Aksum — the ancient capital of Ethiopia, famous for its stelae and the ruins of various palaces
* Dogon Country — a region of south-central Mali renowned for its secluded villages embedded on cliffs and a very distinct culture
* Kruger National Park — a well managed and very popular national park in South Africa
* Leptis Magna — extensive Roman ruins in Libya
* Mount Kilimanjaro — Africa's highest mountain and a great trekking destination in Tanzania
* Serengeti National Park — huge national park in Tanzania, perhaps the archetypal African game park; becomes the Masai Mara National Park over the border in Kenya
* Valley of the Kings — the site of Ancient Egypt
* Victoria Falls — magnificent waterfalls on the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia
* Volcanoes National Park — a very important site for Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda