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Bethlehem

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Places to visit
Church of the Nativity
Chapel of Milk Grotto
Bethleheme old city
Chapel of the Shepherd's Field
Herodium
Bethlehem Museum
Al-Khader
Mar Saba monastery
Cremisan

Description about  Bethlehem

 

Bethlehem
Bethlehem is located at an elevation of about 775 meters (2,543 ft) above sea level, 30 meters (98 ft) higher than nearby Jerusalem.Bethlehem is situated on the southern portion in the Judean Mountains.Bethlehem has a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild, wetter winters.Shopping is a major attraction, especially during the Christmas season. The city's main streets and old markets are lined with shops selling Palestinian handicrafts, Middle Eastern spices, jewelry and oriental sweets such as baklawa.Tourism is Bethlehem's main industry. Tourism accounts for approximately 65% of the city's economy and 11% of the Palestinian National Authority.The city has more than two million visitors every year.Early Christian traditions describe Jesus as being born in Bethlehem: in one, a verse in the Book of Micah is interpreted as a prophecy that the Messiah would be born there.The New Testament has two different accounts of the birth. In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus' parents live in Nazareth and travel for the Census of Quirinius to Bethlehem, where Jesus is born, after which they return home.
         There are over thirty hotels in Bethlehem.Bethlehem has three bus stations owned by private companies which offer service to Jerusalem, Beit Jala, Beit Sahour, Hebron, Nahalin, Battir, al-Khader, al-Ubeidiya and Beit Fajjar. There are two taxi stations that make trips to Beit Sahour, Beit Jala, Jerusalem, Tuqu' and Herodium. There are also two car rental departments: Murad and 'Orabi. Buses and taxis with West Bank licenses are not allowed to enter Israel, including Jerusalem, without a permit.

Church of the Nativity
The church was originally commissioned in 327 by Constantine the Great and his mother Helena on the site that was traditionally considered to be located over the cave marking the birthplace of Jesus. That Church of the Nativity, the original basilica, was completed in 339 but it was destroyed by fire during the Samaritan Revolts of the 6th century. A new basilica was built in 565 by Justinian, the Byzantine Emperor, restoring the architectural tone of the original.The site of the Church of the Nativity has had numerous additions since this second construction, including its prominent bell towers. Due to its cultural and geographical history, the site holds a prominent religious significance to those of the Christian faith.

Chapel of the Milk Grotto
The Chapel of the Milk Grotto is a Catholic chapel in Bethlehem in the West Bank of the Palestinian Territories, erected in 1872.Since ancient times, the place has been a center of Christian pilgrimage, maintained since its last erection together with its Marian shrine and monastery by the Custody of the Holy Land of the Order of the Friars Minor of the Catholic Church in Palestine.

Chapel of the Shepherd's Field
The Shepherds' Field Chapel is the name given to a religious building of the Catholic church that is in the area of Beit Sahur southeast of Bethlehem in the West Bank in Palestine. The chapel marks the place where, according to Catholic tradition, the angels first announced the birth of Christ.

Herodium
Herodium best known in Israel as Herodion and in Arabic as Jabal al-Fureidis (Arabic: ????????‎, lit. "Mountain of the Little Paradise"); also Har Hordos is a truncated-cone-shaped hill, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Jerusalem and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast of Bethlehem, in the Judaean Desert, West Bank. Herod the Great built a palace fortress and a small town at Herodium, between 23 and 15 BCE, and is believed to have been buried there.Herodium is 758 meters (2,487 ft) above sea level,the highest peak in the Judaean Desert.Today, the site is controlled by the Israel National Parks Authority and is a designated national park.

Bethlehem Museum
The Bethlehem Museum is dedicated to fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation for the role
Palestinian Arab Christians play in preserving Palestine’s heritage, identity, and culture. The Bethlehem Museum is one of Cultural History and is housed in the old Nazareth Mission Church on Muller Street. The church was originally built in 1906 so is architecturally and aesthetically pleasing.

Mar Saba monastery
The monastery holds the relics of Saint Sabbas. Mar Saba is occasionally referred to as the Convent or Monastery of Santa Sabba.The monastery is important in the historical development of the liturgy of the Orthodox Church in that the monastic Typicon (manner of celebrating worship services) of Saint Sabbas became the standard throughout the Eastern Orthodox Church and those "Uniate" or Eastern Catholic Churches under the Roman pope wh

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